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ReliefWeb - Updates

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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Ireland, South Sudan, Uganda

    Kampala, Uganda, 17 June 2017 - The Government of Ireland completed yesterday the airlifting of essential relief items worth €500,000 (more than 2 billion UGX) to support South Sudanese refugees in Uganda. This critically needed assistance includes blankets, shelter construction materials, cooking sets and mosquito nets.

    Irish Aid, the Irish Government’s programme for overseas development, covered the costs of two separate airlifts to Uganda – one from Dubai on the 11th of June and another one from Accra on 16th of June. The UN Refugee Agency, UNHCR, received the supplies at Entebbe International Airport and will distribute them to South Sudanese refugees in Uganda’s districts of Arua and Lamwo.

    This support comes at a critical time, with around 2,000 South Sudanese refugees arriving in Uganda daily since July 2016, when a new conflict erupted in Juba and quickly spread to other parts of the country. The fighting has continued to drive people from their homes across the border into Uganda, which now hosts more than 1.2 million refugees – 960,000 from South Sudan alone. Despite the pressure of this unprecedented influx, Uganda has maintained its refugee welcoming policy, keeping its borders open and continuing to provide refugees with land, shelter, freedom of movement and access to services.

    The people of Ireland have continued to offer support to the South Sudanese refugees in Uganda, and have provided €3 million in lifesaving assistance in 2016, including €1,114,000 to UNHCR.

    “We are so grateful to the Irish people for showing solidarity with refugees,” says Bornwell Kantande, UNHCR Representative in Uganda. “Such display of generosity clearly signals that Ireland stands with Uganda and the communities who have opened their doors and hearts to men, women and children fleeing conflict and violence in their home countries.”

    In September 2016, the UN General Assembly adopted the New York Declaration, whereby 193 states pledged robust support to countries affected by large movements of refugees and migrants. “We hope more countries will follow the example of Ireland and will join forces to support Uganda’s progressive refugee model,” says Kantande.

    END

    About UNHCR UNHCR leads and co-ordinates international action to protect refugees and resolve refugee problems worldwide. Its primary purpose is to safeguard the rights and well-being of refugees. Today, a staff of more than 9,300 people in 123 countries continues to help and protect millions of refugees, returnees, internally displaced and stateless people. In Uganda, UNHCR provides protection and humanitarian assistance to more than 1.25 million refugees in coordination with the Government of Uganda and partners.
    Follow UNHCR on Twitter @refugees and Facebook www.facebook.com/UNHCR and www.facebook.com/UNHCRUganda

    About Irish Aid
    Irish Aid is the Irish Government’s programme for overseas development. The programme is managed by the Development Co-operation Division of the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. The work we do in fighting global poverty and hunger is integral to Ireland’s foreign policy. Irish Aid has been working in Uganda for 23 years. Its current Country Strategy Paper (CSP) runs from 2016-2020 and has a strong focus on Karamoja and support to the Humanitarian Response in Uganda. Follow Irish Aid on Twitter @Irish_Aid / @IrlEmbUganda and Facebook www.facebook.com/IrishAidCentre

    **For more information, please contact:*

    UNHCR
    In Kampala, Stephanie Perham, Donor Relations Officer, perham@unhcr.org, +256 775 822 957
    In Kampala, Rocco Nuri, Reporting Officer, nuri@unhcr.org, +256 779 663 793
    In Kampala, Katherine Wainwright, Associate External Relations Officer, wainwrig@unhcr.org, +256 775 825 592

    Irish Aid
    H.E. Dónal Cronin, Ambassador, donal.cronin@dfa.ie, +256 772 744 402


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    Source: Trócaire
    Country: Greece, Ireland, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey, World

    Key Concerns
    - The EU-Turkey plan is not designed in the best interests of refugees and asylum seekers, including Syrian civilians, but is instead focuses on containing the flow of displaced people trying to reach European countries.
    - The plan has the potential to seriously erode the crucial protection for refugees afforded them under international law by designating Turkey a safe third country– leading to potential violation of the principle of non-refoulement.
    - With its focus on Syria, the deal risks creating a hierarchy of refugees which violates the fundamental principle that all asylum applications should be considered on their own merit, regardless of where the applicant is from.
    - The EU and Turkey’s assurance that asylum seekers will not have their rights violated, that they will have their asylum claims reviewed on an individual basis and that no one will be victims of collective expulsions, is not convincing given the scale of the numbers involved and the time line proposed – both of which raises serious concerns about the ability of the EU and Turkey to deliver on these commitments.
    - The EU-Turkey plan damages the credibility of the EU, undermines the European Consensus on Humanitarian Aid and sets a dangerous precedent of principled humanitarian donors motivated by political agendas.


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    Source: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
    Country: Ireland, Nigeria

    900 vulnerable women assisted by FAO to improve nutrition and rebuild economic self-reliance

    12 July 2017, Maiduguri – To strengthen resilience of communities from the loss of livestock assets, FAO distributed 3600 goats to improve household nutrition and rebuild livelihood of vulnerable communities. Around 900 vulnerable women including some from women headed households are being assisted.

    This is part of efforts led by the government to restore livelihoods and combat critical levels of food insecurity and malnutrition in areas inflicted by Boko Haram violence. The conflict has provoked the displacement of up to 2.4 million people. Many of them got their livestock confiscated or left these assets behind to flee for their life, thus impairing their livelihood. Hosting communities also suffered severe livestock losses due to poor access to animal health services as a result of damage to veterinary infrastructure.

    This emergency distribution has come as the Government of the Republic of Ireland contributed USD 325,326 to rebuild livelihood and address food insecurity to combat hunger in North East Nigeria. The goat distributions have targeted, internally displaced population, returnees and host communities in Borno. The local government area of Borno – Jerre, Maiduguri Metropolitan and Kondua is where the goats were distributed. Four goats, three breeding females and one male distributed per household.

    “Animal restocking is crucial for the benefit of women for whom goats play a major role for the household nutrition security through the provision of milk and a source of revenue to address other household challenges”, says Patrick David, interim Country Representative, FAO, Nigeria.

    After receiving four goats, 35-year-old Bintu Usman, a host community member said, “We don’t have food sometimes, my husband is paralyzed for last 5 years due to injuries sustained during the conflict. As an only earning member, I will keep these goats to reproduce so we can sell some of them and buy grains”.

    This handover of goats is complimented by World Food Program (WFP)’s provision of cash based assistance to the women beneficiaries.

    The two track approach of “cash + livestock” named “cash + approach” will ensure that communities can sustain their livelihoods while they re - launch themselves into this short cycle livestock activities.

    To make this livelihood sustainable, FAO further ensured that goats that meet specifications of good health and breeding performance are distributed to the communities.

    “ We tag these goats, weigh them, collect temperature and blood samples to ensure these are healthy goats and they can reproduce. This will provide long term livelihood support to communities”, said 46-year-old Dr. Mohammad Modu Bukar, University of Veterinary Teaching Hospital, the facility in charge of goat quarantine and certification.

    The Director of Agriculture at Jerre stated that efforts to distribute goats to vulnerable women would have a positive impact on farmers.

    All partners involved urged the communities to not sell the goats until they have reproduced to sustain this livelihood support.


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    Source: International Organization for Migration
    Country: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Belgium, Bulgaria, Côte d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czechia, Eritrea, Estonia, Finland, France, Gambia, Germany, Greece, Guinea, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Mali, Malta, Morocco, Netherlands, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Portugal, Romania, Senegal, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sudan, Sweden, Switzerland, Syrian Arab Republic, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, World

    Highlights

    According to available data, in the first half of 2017, there were more than 100,000 arrivals to Greece, Italy, Bulgaria, Cyprus and Spain (101,559). This represents a 58% decrease when compared to the same period in 2016 when 239,925 arrivals were registered. This is mainly due to the sharpe decrease in arrivals to Greece.

    Greece has seen a 93% lower number of arrivals by the end of June 2017 when compared to the same period 2016 (10,679 and 160,115 respectively). Contrary to that, there were estimated 83,639 cumulative arrivals to Italy by the end of June, a 18% increase compared to 70,222 arrivals recorded at the end of the same month in 2016.

    At the end of June, total number of migrants and refugees present in Greece, Cyprus and in the Western Balkans reached 72,179. Since the implementation of the EU-Turkey Statement on 18 March 2016, the number of migrants stranded in Greece increased by 54%. More information could be found on page 5.

    Between October 2015 and 30 June 2017, 23,228 individuals have been relocated to 24 European countries. Please see page on relocations for more information.

    In the six four months of 2017, total of 1,228 migrants and refugees were readmitted from Greece to Turkey as part of the EU-Turkey Statement.
    The majority of migrants and refugees were Pakistani, Syrian, Algerian,
    Afghan, and Bangladeshi nationals (more info in Turkey section).
    More information about Central Mediterranean and the contingency


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    Source: International Organization for Migration
    Country: Austria, Bangladesh, Belgium, Bulgaria, Congo, Croatia, Cyprus, Czechia, France, Germany, Greece, Guinea, Ireland, Italy, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Mali, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Pakistan, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Syrian Arab Republic, World

    Developments

    By the end of June 2017, more than 100,000 migrants from Middle East, Asia and Africa reached Europe. The total number of registered sea and land arrivals to Greece, Italy, Spain, Cyprus and Bulgaria as of 30 June stands at 101,559 representing a 58% decrease when compared to the figure reported at the end of June 2016 (239,925). The decrease is mainly caused by a stark decline in the overall arrivals through the two main entry points in the Eastern Mediterranean, Greece and Bulgaria. Greece received 93% less migrants in 2017 when compared to the end of June 2016, 160,115 vs. 10,679 respectively, with the reverse dynamic in arrivals between first and second quarter in 2017 and 2016. Namely, while significant decrease has been observed after March 2016 (mainly due to the implementation of the EU-Turkey Statement), from the total of 152,617 in Q1 to 7,498 by the end of Q2 2016, a 42% increase is noticed in arrivals between the first and second quarter of 2017 , from 4,407 to 6,272 respectively. In addition, land arrivals to Bulgaria also dropped from 4,954 reported by the end of the second quarter of 2016, to 391 recorded during the same period in 2017.

    In contrast to that, the available data for other countries of first arrival - Italy, Spain and Cyprus- shows an increase. As of 30 June 2017 Italian Ministry of Interior registered 83,752 new arrivals which is the highest number recorded for this period since 2014. It represents a 19% increase compared to June 2016 and 31% increase compared to June 2014. Spain has seen a 40% increase, from 4,606 in 2016 to 6,464 in 2017, while authorities in Cyprus reported 28 arrivals in the second quarter of 2016 and total of 273 by the end of June 2017.

    Similarly, the number of dead and missing migrants is still high. As of 30 June 2017, a total of 2,256 migrants have been reported dead or missing (23% decrease compared to 2016). The Central Mediterranean route is still the most perilous one with 2,158 deaths recorded since January 2017.
    Demographic profile of registered nationalities in Greece and Italy is notably different following already geographically established transit routes. Hence, migrants from Middle East and Central Asia comprise the majority of registered arrivals to Greece (62%), whereas African nationals represent the highest share of arrivals to Italy (min. 67%).

    Migrants from Nigeria represent 17% of all migrants who arrived to Italy as of 30 June 2017. Comprising a 10% of all arrivals, Bangladeshi nationals represent* the second largest group, exceeding the share of Guinean migrants whose share decreased to 9% (from 13% reported in Q1). Migrants from Cote d´Ivoire comprise another 9% followed by migrants from the Gambia (6%), Senegal (6%) and Mali (6%). Arrivals to Italy are marked with a high percentage of children (15%), especially those travelling as unacompanied and separated. Since the beginning of this year,a total of 12, 239 children arrived to Italy. The vast majority (11,406) were unaccompanied and separated children mostly from Western Africa (Guinea, Cote d´Ivoire, the Gambia) and Bangladesh. Another 11% of migrants are adult females while adult males comprise 74% of the overall arrivals.

    In Greece, increasing share of arrivals is consisted of Syrians (36%), Iraqi (13%) and Pakistani (7%) nationals. An interesting increase is observed in arrivals from Congo which represent 7% (697) of all arrivals at the end of June - a 102% increase compared to the same period in 2016. For the remaining 37% the shares seems to be rather equally distributed (>2%) among more than 55 different nationalities.


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